Parents underestimate drowning risks

More than one-third of parents in poll would let their children swim unsupervised


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As kids splash around in pools this summer, some parents may underestimate drowning risks, suggests a new national poll.

While relatively few parents would allow their child to be unsupervised in a lake (16 percent) or the ocean (13 percent), more than a third (37 percent) would allow their child to be in a home, hotel or neighborhood pool without adult supervision, according to a recent report from the C.S. Mott Children’s Hospital National Poll on Children’s Health.

The report is based on responses from 1,543 parents of children ages 6 to 18.

“Familiar places such as a backyard pool may provide a false sense of security, but we know that drowning can occur anywhere, often instantly and silently," says poll co-director and Mott pediatrician Gary L. Freed. "We strongly advise parents to closely supervise kids at all times, even if they think their child is a good swimmer.”

Drowning is the second-leading cause of injury-related death in kids ages one to 15. About 1,000 American children die every year from unintentional drowning and five times that number receive care in an emergency department for non-fatal water-related injuries, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Among parents who say their child can swim independently, 45 percent would allow the child to be in a pool unsupervised, compared with 14 percent of parents whose child cannot swim independently.

“Almost all of the parents we polled believe it is important for children to have basic swimming skills but surprisingly, one in seven would allow a child who is unable to swim independently to be in the water unsupervised,” Freed says. “Drownings can, and do, happen in private and hotel pools as well as in lakes and the ocean, even at shallow depths. Swimming lessons and proper supervision are critical to making sure kids are safe around the water.”

Freed said formal swimming lessons reduce the risk of drowning among children, but some families may have to work harder to find opportunities for their children to become comfortable and confident in the water.

“Some neighborhoods don’t have a public swimming pool and the cost of swimming lessons can be a barrier for some families," he said.

Many communities are addressing these issues by creating new swimming programs to make them more accessible and affordable. Freed recommends parents check with their local parks and recreation programs to see what is available in their areas.

“Familiar places such as a backyard pool may provide a false sense of security, but we know that drowning can occur anywhere, often instantly and silently. We strongly advise parents to closely supervise kids at all times, even if they think their child is a good swimmer.”
Dr. Gary L. Freed


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